What is autism?

Autism spectrum disorder is a scope of complex neurodevelopment issue conditions, exhibited by social and communication challenges, as well as confined, repetitious behavioural patterns.

Spectrum disorders are those in which various symptoms, skills and degrees of impairment or disability are present. The spectrum ranges from mild impairment on one end and severe impairment on the others. People exhibiting symptoms of the disorder can fit anywhere on the spectrum.

Those with autism spectrum disorder differ from others regarding how they communicate, interact, behave, and learn. ASD shows up in all ages, ethnicities, and socioeconomic groups. The proportion of children with autism grows every year. Males with autism outnumber females by 4 to 1.

ASD’s characteristics include:

  • Continual inability to effectively communicate and interact with others
  • Repetitive behaviours
  • Restricted interests and activities
  • Emergent symptoms early in life (usually the first 2 years)
  • Significant impairment in being able to function in life.

If you suspect your child may have autism, contact their doctor. Relay your observations to them. The sooner intervention can happen, the sooner they can get help.

Also, highly consider contacting your local public early childhood program. Request a free evaluation to determine if your child qualifies for special intervention services. These do not need a medical professional’s referral or diagnosis.

For more help in the United States, contact the Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center at 919.962.2001 or visit ectacenter.org/contact/619coord.asp.

ASD can respond to some forms of treatment, and many of those who have ASD are no longer inhibited by their condition. If you’d like to try something other than pharmaceuticals, EMPowerplus Advanced (combined with other healthy lifestyle changes) may help.